How To Cite Patent: Harness The Power Of Precise Patent Citation

Patents are legal documents that grant the exclusive rights to an invention to its inventor or assignee.

Patents are important sources of information for researchers, inventors, and students who want to learn about the latest innovations in their fields.

However, citing a patent can be tricky, as different citation styles have different rules and formats for patent references.

I will show you how to cite a patent in four common citation styles: APA, MLA, Chicago, and IEEE.

How To Cite PatentCourtesy:Science Direct
How To Cite Patent
Courtesy:Science Direct

How to Cite a Patent in APA Style

APA style is widely used in the social and behavioral sciences. To cite a patent in APA style, you need to provide the following information:

  • The name of the inventor or assignee
  • The year of issue in parentheses
  • The title of the patent in italics
  • The patent number
  • The name of the issuing body
  • The URL if available

The general format for an APA patent citation is:

Inventor name, Initials. (Year). Title of patent (Country/Region Patent No. Number). Issuing Body. URL

For example:

Ghatak, S. (2019). Immunization testing system (U.S. Patent No. 10,788,482). U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

To cite a patent in APA style in the text, use the author-date method. Include the inventor’s last name and the year of issue in parentheses. For example:

(Ghatak, 2019)

How to Cite a Patent in MLA Style

MLA style is commonly used in the humanities and liberal arts. To cite a patent in MLA style, you need to provide the following information:

  • The name of the inventor or assignee
  • The title of the patent or a description in quotation marks
  • The number of the patent
  • The name of the agency issuing the patent
  • The date of issue

The general format for an MLA patent citation is:

Inventor name. “Title of Patent.” Country/Region Patent Number. Issuing Body, Date of Issue.

For example:

Ghatak, Suman. “Immunization Testing System.” U.S. Patent 10,788,482. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, 24 Sept. 2019.

To cite a patent in MLA style in the text, use the author-page method. Include the inventor’s last name and the patent number in parentheses. For example:

(Ghatak 10,788,482)

How to Cite a Patent in Chicago Style

Chicago style is widely used in the history and social sciences. To cite a patent in Chicago style, you need to provide the following information:

  • The name of the inventor or assignee
  • The title of the patent or a description in quotation marks
  • The type of patent
  • The number of the patent
  • The name of the issuing body
  • The date of issue

The general format for a Chicago patent citation is:

Inventor name, “Title of Patent,” type of patent, number, issued by Issuing Body, date of issue.

For example:

Ghatak, Suman. “Immunization Testing System,” U.S. patent, 10,788,482, issued by U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, September 24, 2019.

To cite a patent in Chicago style in the text, use the author-date method or the notes and bibliography method. For the author-date method, include the inventor’s last name and the year of issue in parentheses. For example:

(Ghatak 2019)

For the notes and bibliography method, include the inventor’s name, the patent title, and the patent number in a footnote or an endnote. For example:

  1. Suman Ghatak, “Immunization Testing System,” U.S. patent, 10,788,482.

How to Cite a Patent in IEEE Style

IEEE style is commonly used in the engineering and computer science fields. To cite a patent in IEEE style, you need to provide the following information:

  • The name of the inventor or assignee
  • The title of the patent in quotation marks
  • The number of the patent
  • The date of issue

The general format for an IEEE patent citation is:

[Reference number] Inventor name, “Title of patent,” Country/Region Patent Number, Date of Issue.

For example:

S. Ghatak, “Immunization testing system,” U.S. Patent 10,788,482, Sep. 24, 2019.

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